Vital statistics definition

Vital statistics are government kept statistics, information, and civil registration, of births, deaths, fetal deaths, marriages, divorces, and depending on jurisdiction, domestic partnerships or civil unions. These stats refer to data about life events that are reported locally and become national data. Annual reports, collecting detailed vital statistics data, including natality, mortality, marriage and divorc are available for download.

In the United States, vital statistics are kept by the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS):

  • The NVSS collects and sets the standards and mechanisms by which the NCHS collects and diffuses the official vital statistics in the U.S.
  • The NCHS provides this statistical information to guide actions and policies to improve the health of the American people.

Read more: Bureau of Vital Statistics (a.k.a. Vital records office)

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