US Federal Holidays 2023: Observed and Proposed Dates

Federal holidays are dates that have been designated as holidays by the U.S. federal government (5 U.S.C. 6103). In 2023, there will be 11 different federal holidays within the United States.

On these days, all government offices and banks are closed, which usually includes vital records offices, county clerks, and the Bureau of Vital Statistics. However, you can still submit your birth certificate application on holiday dates using our online service.

In this article, you’ll be able to view the calendar of all U.S. federal holidays, and a list of proposed holidays that are not currently observed at a federal level.

2023 Federal Holiday Calendar

The U.S. government recognizes 11 annual federal holidays, with an extra inauguration day holiday every 4 years for government employees within the inauguration area.

The following table is a comprehensive list of all U.S. federal holidays for 2023.

Official Holiday Name Date Weekday
New Year's Day January 1, 2023 Sunday
New Year's Day (in lieu) January 2, 2023 Monday
Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. January 16, 2023 Monday
Washington's Birthday February 20, 2023 Monday
Memorial Day May 29, 2023 Monday
Juneteenth Independence Day June 19, 2023 Monday
Independence Day July 4, 2023 Tuesday
Labor Day September 4, 2023 Monday
Columbus Day October 9, 2023 Monday
Veterans Day November 10, 2023 Friday
Thanksgiving Day November 23, 2023 Thursday
Christmas Day December 25, 2025 Monday

Proposed United States Federal Holidays

A variety of different federal holidays have been proposed in the United States. These are holidays that were not passed at a federal level, although some of these are observed at a state level.

In general, holidays are expensive for the government, with the estimated taxpayer cost for each federal holiday being $818 million. This means that when a holiday is controversial, the opposition will likely prevent them.

The following list shows some of the proposed holidays that are not currently recognized at a federal level.

Official Holiday Name Date Description
Susan B. Anthony Day February 15-22 Celebrates the birth of Susan B. Anthony and of women’s suffrage within the United States.
Cesar Chavez Day March 31-22 Commemorates the birth and achievements of the civil rights activist Cesar Chavez.
Tax Freedom Day April 18-22 Represents the point in the year when Americans have worked enough to pay the year’s taxes.
Workers’ Memorial Day April 28-21 Celebrates workers who have been killed or seriously injured on the job.
Malcolm X Day May 20-22 Honors the civil rights leader Malcolm X.
Flag Day June 14-22 Commemorate the original adoption of the United States flag.
Native American’s Day September 23-22 Celebrates Native American culture and its contributions to each state’s history.
National First Responders Day October 28-22 Honors firefighters, EMS workers, police officers, and other first responders.
Election Day November 8-22 This annual day is set for the general elections of federal public officials.


Federal Holidays: Frequently Asked Questions

If you still have some questions about US federal holidays, the following FAQs provide more information.

Are government employees paid on federal holidays?

Any federal employee that would normally be working on a federal holiday date is provided with paid leave. In specific cases, certain employees may be deemed “essential” and will need to perform work during the holiday. When this happens, they receive premium holiday pay and a future day of administrative leave.

What is the difference between federal holidays, state holidays, and employer-paid holidays?

Federal holidays are public holidays established by the government of the US that apply to all federal employees. However, these do not apply to state and local governments.

Each state also has its own holidays, which may close city or county offices in observance of a local holiday. These are known as state or local holidays, and you should check your particular area’s holiday schedule to find out which ones apply to you.

Paid holidays, also known as employer-paid holidays, differ from both federal and state holidays. These are paid days off given to employees by a company or organization. They are not required by law and are usually associated with federal holidays.

When was Juneteenth designated as a federal holiday?

In June 2021, President Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, which establishes Juneteenth as an officially recognized federal holiday.

This is the first federal holiday created by congress in almost four decades, and it celebrates the end of slavery within the United States. Specifically, it observes the day when the last enslaved African-Americans were informed of their freedom.

Do state governments or private businesses also close on federal holidays?

State governments and private businesses are not legally required to close on federal holidays, but most of these do so that the holiday period can be experienced by everyone. Stock market trading is also typically suspended on federal holidays.

Is the US Postal Service closed on federal holidays?

On June 2021, President Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, which establishes Juneteenth as an officially recognized federal holiday.

The US Postal Service (USPS) is an independent executive agency that forms part of the federal government. However, the USPS observes the same holiday schedule as federal agencies, which means that their offices will also be closed on the same holiday dates.